Feb 12, 2014
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auct. non-Benth.

Synonym ► E. phaseoloides Merrill. E. pursaetha DC. Mimosa entada Linn.

Family ► Momosaceae.

Habitat ► Eastern Himalayas, hills of Bihar, Orissa and South India.

English ► Garbee Bean, Mackay Bean, Elephant Creeper.

Ayurvedic ► Gil.

Siddha/Tamil ► Chillu, Vattavalli.

Folk ► Gil-gaachh.

Action ► Seed—carminative, anodyne, spasmolytic bechic, anti-inflammatory, anthelmintic, antiperiodic. Used in liver complaints, glandular swellings, debility, skin diseases. The seed, stems and bark are poisonous. A paste of the seeds is applied locally for inflammatory glandular swellings. The juice of wood and bark is used as an external application for ulcers. The leaves are reported to be free from the toxic saponins. After soaking in water and roasting toxic principles can be removed from the white kernels of the seeds.

The seeds gave saponins of entagenic acid; a triterpenoid glucoside entanin; beta-sitosterol, alpha-amyrin, querce- tin, gallic acid, cyamidin chloride, lu- peol and a saponin mixture which gave prosapogenin A. Entanin exhibits anti- tumour activity. It inhibits Walker 256 tumours in rats without deaths.

Entadamide A (the sulphur-containing amide from the seed) is a 5-lipo-xygenase inhibitor and is found to be effective in the treatment of bronchial asthma. The bark is used for hair wash.

Entagenic acid, a sapogenin of entada saponin IV, imparts antifungal activity to the bark.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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