(Linn.) Beauv.Synonym ► Panicum crus-galli Linn.Family ► Gramineae; Poaceae.Habitat ► Cultivated mainly in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh.English ► Barnyard Millet.Ayurvedic ► Ambah Shyaamaaka.Siddha/Tamil ► Oathupul.Folk ► SamakAction ► Whole plant—used for diseases of the spleen and for checking haemorrhage.The grains are rich in carbohydrates (3.474 wt %) and trace elements (Cu, Cd, Cr, Ni, Fe, Mn, Sn). The total protein content is 4.2 wt% and the total lipids 4.46%. A hormone, oestrogen, is reported from the lipid.A polysaccharide extracted from the endosperm and composed of glucose was identified as a phytoglycogen.
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants