Feb 12, 2014
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DRYPETES ROXBURGHII

Written by

(Wall.) Hurusawa.

Synonym ► Putranjiva roxburghii Wall.

Family ► Euphorbiaceae.

Habitat ► Wild and cultivated throughout tropical India.

Ayurvedic ► Putrajivaka, Sutajva, Putrakamanjari.

Siddha/Tamil ► Karupali, Irukolli.

Action ► Leaves, fruits and stones of fruits are given in colds and fevers, also in rheumatic affections. Rosaries, made ofhard stones of the fruit, are placed around the necks of children to protect them from diseases.

The seed kernel yield 0.5% of a sharp- smelling essential oil of the mustard oil type. The oil contains isopropyl and 2-butyl isothiocyanates as the main constituents and 2-methyl-butyl isoth- iocyanate as minor component. Anad- ditional glucoside, glucocleomin, has been found in the seed kernels. A glu- cosidic pattern similar to that in the seeds is reported in the shoots and roots. The fruit pulp contains a large proportion of mannitol and small quantities of a saponin glucoside and alkaloid.

The alkaloid is also present in a small quantity in the stones of the fruit.

Dosage ► Seed, leaf, bark—3-6 g powder. (CCRAS.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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