Apr 6, 2014
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Orientation in a clinical sense includes a person’s awareness of time and place in relation to him- or herself and others, the recognition of personal friends and familiar places, and the ability to remember at least some past experience and to register new data. It is therefore dependent on the ability to recall all learned memories and make effective use of memory. Disorientation can be the presenting feature of both DELIRIUM (confusion) and DEMENTIA; delirium is reversible, developing dramatically and accompanied by evidence of systemic disease, while dementia is a gradually evolving, irreversible condition.

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Medical Dictionary

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