Feb 12, 2014
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Synonym ► Hedysarum gangeticum Linn.

Family ► Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.

Habitat ► Ascending to 1,500 m on the Himalaya; common on lower hills and plains throughout India.

Ayurvedic ► Shaaliparni, Shaalaparni, Sthiraa, Somyaa, Guhaa, Triparni, Vidaarigandha, Anshumati. Also used as Prshniparni. (Urariapicta Desv., Prshniparni, is used as a substitute for Shaalaparni.)

Siddha/Tamil ► Pulladi, Sirupulladi Moovilai (root).

Folk ► Sarivan.

Action ► Root—antipyretic, diuretic, astringent (used in irritable bowel syndrome, diarrhoea and dysentery), anticatarrhal (used in post-natal care, chronic fever, cough, biliousness, vomiting), diuretic, anthelmintic, laxative and nervine tonic. Desmodium spp.: Roots—carminative, mildly purgative, stomachic, emmenagogue, diuretic. Leaves—galactagogue; a poultice of leaves is used for lumbago. Bark—used in diarrhoea and haemorrhages.

Roots afforded pterocarpanoids— gangetin, gangetinin, desmodin and several alkaloids. The aerial portion gave indole-3-alkylamines and their derivatives.

Gangetin showed significant anti- inflammatory activity in 50 and 100 mg/kg p.o. in rats.

Dosage ► Root—5-10 g powder; 1020 g for decoction. (API Vol. III.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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