Apr 6, 2014
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DERMATITIS

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Synonymous with eczema in all respects. Although the lay term ‘eczema’ usually refers to atopic (see ATOPY) or endogenous eczema, there are many other causes. Susceptibility to dermatitis is genetically determined in some cases; in others, environmental irritants and allergens are implicated. Symptoms typically include itching, dryness or cracking and, occasionally, soreness of the skin. Physical signs include redness (erythema), scaling, and vesiculation (tiny blisters just beneath the surface of the skin). (See also SKIN, DISEASES OF.)

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