(Linn.) Rendle.Synonym ► Andropogon nardus Linn.Family ► Poaceae.Habitat ► Mainly in South India; cultivated to a small extent in warmer parts of India.English ► Ceylon Citronella Grass.Ayurvedic ► Jambir-trn (var.).Siddha/Tamil ► Kamachipillu.Action ► Leaf—stomachic, carminative, spasmolytic, mild astringent. Essential oil—stimulant, carminative, diaphoretic, rubefacient, antiseptic, antibacterial, antifungal, larvicidal.Lemongrass and lemongrass oil preparations are used almost exclusively in combinations for disorders and discomforts of gastrointestinal tract, muscle pain and neuralgia, colds, various nervous disturbances and for conditions of exhaustion.Major constituents of the essential oil are: citronellal 31.6, neral 28.6, cit- ronellol 10.6, elemicine 7.3, geranyl acetate 4.6, elemol 3.7, limonene 3.2 and isopulegol 2.7%.Citronella oil is also used as an insect repellent.
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants