Feb 12, 2014
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CYMBOPOGON CITRATUS

Written by

(DC.) Stapf.

Synonym ► Andropogon citratus DC.

Family ► Poaceae.

Habitat ► Grown in Punjab, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Karnataka.

English ► Lemongrass.

Ayurvedic ► Bhuutika, Bhuutikaa.

Action ► Leaf—stimulant, sudorific, antiperiodic, anticatarrhal. Essential oil—carminative, anticholerin, depressant, analgesic, antipyretic, antibacterial, antifungal.

The lemongrass contains a volatile oil, with citral (about 70%), citronellal, geraniol and myrcene as its main constituents. Cetral and citronellal exhibit marked sedative activity.

The lemongrass is taken as a tea for digestive problems; it relaxes muscles of the stomach and gut, relieves spasm and flatulence. In catarrhal conditions, it is taken as a febrifuge.

An infusion of fresh leaves on oral administration has been found to produce dose-dependent analgesia in rats. This analgesic acitivity is caused by myrcene present in the leaf.

Geraniol and d-limonene from the essential oil induce activity of glu- tathione S-transferase, a detoxifying enzyme, which is believed to be a major factor for chemical carcinogen detoxification.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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