Feb 12, 2014
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Family ► Zingiberaceae.

Habitat ► Cultivated chiefly in West Bengal and Kerala.

English ► Wild turmeric, Yellow Zedoary.

Ayurvedic ► Karpuraa, Aranya-rajani kanda, Van Haridraa.

Unani ► Daarchob.

Siddha/Tamil ► Kastoori Manjal.

Action ► Uses similar to those of C. longa. Essential oil from rhizomes— antimicrobial, antifungal and anthelmintic. The tubers are applied externally to bruises and sprains, to skin eruptions and infections. A decoction is administered in biliary gastritis.

Fresh rhizomes contain a number of sesquiterpenes including curdione and cerumol. Curcumol and curdione showed inhibitory activity on sarcoma 180 in mice.

The rhizomes yield 6.1% of an essential oil with d-camphene 0.8, d- camphor 2.5, sesquiterpenes 65.5, ses- quiterpene alcohols 22.0, acids 0.7%. The essential oil shows high amounts of ar-curcumene (18.6%), beta-cur- cumene (25.5%) and xanthorrhizol (25.7%).

The oil, on intraperitoneal administration, partly reversed toxipathic hepatitis in mice induced by CCl4.

Dosage ► Rhizome—1-3 g powder. (CCRAS.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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