Feb 12, 2014
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CURCULIGO ORCHIOIDES

Written by

Gaertn.

Family ► Amaryllidaceae; Hypoxi- daceae.

Habitat ► Sub-tropical Himalayas from Kumaon eastwards; Western Ghats from Konkan Southwards.

Ayurvedic ► Taalmuuli, Taalpatri, Krishna Mushali, Bhuumitaala.

Unani ► Musli Siyaah.

Siddha/Tamil ► Nilappanan kizhangu.

Action ► Nervine, adaptogenic, sedative, anticonvulsive, androgenic, anti-inflammatory and diuretic. Used in Jaundice, urinary disorders, skin diseases and asthma. Mucilaginous.

The rhizome contains saponins (cur- culigosaponin C and F promoted proliferation of spleen lymphocytes very significantly; F and G increased the weight of the thymus in vitro in mice); sapogenins; phenolic glycosides, a tri- terpene alcohol; a pentacyclic triter- pene, an aliphatic compound, hen- triacontanol, sitosterol, stigmasterol, cycloartenol and sucrose. A pep- tide, Curculin C, containing 114 amino acids, has been isolated from the fruit.

In traditional Chinese medicine, dried rhizome, containing curculigo- side is used as a tonic for its immuno- logical and protective property.

In Indian medicine, powdered rhizomes with milk are taken as a restorative tonic, also for sexual debility.

EtOH (50%) of the plant exhibited hypoglycaemic property.

Dosage ► Dried rhizome—3-6 g powder. (API Vol. IV.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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