Feb 12, 2014
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Synonym ► C. aromaticus Benth.

Family ► Lamiaceae.

Habitat ► Native to Indonesia.

English ► Indian Borage.

Ayurvedic ► Parna-yavaani.

Siddha/Tamil ► Karpoorvalli.

Folk ► Pattaa Ajawaayin. Pattharachuur (Bengal).

Action ► Leaf—used in urinary diseases, vaginal discharge, colic and dyspepsia. Stimulates the function of liver. Also given in epilepsy and other convulsive affections, asthma, bronchitis, cold and chronic cough. Bruised leaves are applied to burns; leaf juice to chapped lips.

The leaf extract has shown regulatory influence on calcium oxalate stone formation in experimental rats. In folk medicine, leaves are used internally for expelling kidney stone (the herb is also known as Paashaanbhedi).

Homoeopathic medicine, prepared from fresh leaves, is used in the affections of urinary organs, especially in difficult urination or in burning pains during and after urination.

The aerial parts from Pakistan yield an essential oil (0.1%) which contains thymol (79.6%); whereas in Fijian sample of leaves carvacrol and camphor are major constituents. Leaves contain a large amount of oxalacetic acid, flavonoid, cirsimaritin and beta- sitosterol.

Dosage ► Leaf—5-10 ml juice. (CCRAS.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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