(Linn.) Kuntze.Synonym ► Clerodendron siphonan- thus (R. Br.) C. B. Clarke.Family ► Verbenaceae.Habitat ► Cultivated as an ornamental throughout India, especially in South and Eastern India.English ► Turk’s Turban, Tube- Flower.Ayurvedic ► Vaamana-haati (a substitute for Bhaarangi).Siddha/Tamil ► Kavalai, Narivalai.Action ► Root—used for asthma, cough, scrofulous affections. Leaf— vermifuge. Resin—antirheumatic. The plant is also used in fever, atrophy, emaciation of cachexia and consumption.The leaves contain flavonoids—scu- tellarein (0.5%), hispidulin (0.1%) and their 7-O-glucuronides; also sterols. Flowers contain beta-sitosterol and tri- terpenoids. The bark yields hexitol and sorbitol.The flavone, pectolinarin and a di- terpene, oncinotine, exhibit antifee- dant activity.
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants