Feb 12, 2014
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(Linn.) Kuntze.

Synonym ► Clerodendron siphonan- thus (R. Br.) C. B. Clarke.

Family ► Verbenaceae.

Habitat ► Cultivated as an ornamental throughout India, especially in South and Eastern India.

English ► Turk’s Turban, Tube- Flower.

Ayurvedic ► Vaamana-haati (a substitute for Bhaarangi).

Siddha/Tamil ► Kavalai, Narivalai.

Action ► Root—used for asthma, cough, scrofulous affections. Leaf— vermifuge. Resin—antirheumatic. The plant is also used in fever, atrophy, emaciation of cachexia and consumption.

The leaves contain flavonoids—scu- tellarein (0.5%), hispidulin (0.1%) and their 7-O-glucuronides; also sterols. Flowers contain beta-sitosterol and tri- terpenoids. The bark yields hexitol and sorbitol.

The flavone, pectolinarin and a di- terpene, oncinotine, exhibit antifee- dant activity.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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