(Roxb.) G. Don.Synonym ► C. fragrans (Moon) Alston.Family ► Apocynaceae.Habitat ► Dense moist forests throughout India up to 1,500 m altitude.English ► Wood Vine.Ayurvedic ► Used in the Southern states as Muurvaa.Action ► Powdered root and stems— laxative, antibilious.A lignan derivative has been isolated from the stem. It accelerated uptake of low density lipoprotein by Hep G2 cell by 67.0%.The root bark contains 3.03% of total alkaloids consisting mainly of chonemorphine. Chonemorphine di- hydrochloride is an anti-amoebic principle. It showed in vitro activity against Entamoeba histolytica and trichomo- nas vaginalis. It proved efficacious against hepatic amoebiasis in golden hamsters and intestinal amoebiasis in Wister rats.
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants