Feb 12, 2014
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CHLOROXYLON SWIETENIA

Written by

DC.

Family ► Rutaceae.

Habitat ► Dry, deciduous forests, throughout Peninsular India.

English ► Indian Satinwood tree.

Ayurvedic ► Provisionally equated with Bhillotaka.

Siddha/Tamil ► Karumboraju, Kudavuboraju, Poraju.

Folk ► Bhirraa, Bharahula, Raktaro- hidi.

Action ► Leaves—anti-inflammatory, antiseptic. A paste is applied to wounds; also in rheumatism. Bark—astringent. A decoction is used in contusions and for painful joints. (The wood, its dust, moist dust of freshly cut wood, cause skin irritation and dermatitis.)

The bark contains the alkaloids— skimmianine, swietenidins A and B, chloroxylin and chloroxylonine. Chloroxylonine is a powerful irritant. The bark also contains the coumarins and lignans.

The leaves yield an essential oil which shows antibacterial and anti- fungal activity.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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