Feb 12, 2014
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CASSIA ALATA

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Linn.

Cassia absus Linn.

Family ► Caesalpiniaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout India.

Ayurvedic ► Chakshushyaa, Aranya- kulathhikaa, Kataka.

Unani ► Chaaksu.

Siddha/Tamil ► Muulaipalyirai, Kaattukollu.

Folk ► BanKulathi.

Action ► Seed—bitter, blood-purifier, astringent, stimulant, diuretic. Used topically for leucoderma, ringworm, venereal ulcers and other skin diseases. Roots—purgative.

Seeds gave sitosterol-beta-D-gluco- side and alkaloids—chaksine and iso- chaksine. Chaksine is found to be antibacterial against Micrococcus pyo- genes var. aureus and Streptococcus haemolyticus. It stimulates contraction of different tissues of plain muscles, like uterus, intestine, bladder, and muscles in blood vessels. It depresses the parasympathetic nerve- endings of certain organs like intestine

Family ► Caesalpiniaceae.

Habitat ► Native to the West Indies. Found wild almost throughout India.

English ► Ringworm Cassia.

Ayurvedic ► Dadrughna, Dadrumar- dana.

Siddha ► Malanthakerai, Seemai agathi (Tamil).

Folk ► Daadmaari.

Action ► Leaf—used in skin diseases like herpes, blotch, eczema, mycosis (washerman’s itch). Dried leaves— in leprosy. A strong decoction is used for ringworm, eczema and herpes. Leaves are also used as a purgative.

Young pods contain rhein, emodin and aloe-emodin. The antibacterial activity of the leaves is reported to be due to rhein. The roots contain an- thraquinone. Emodin, aloe-emodin and anthraquinone contribute to the purgative activity of the leaves and roots. Crushed leaves or roots are rubbed on to the skin to cure ringworm and to control Tinea imbricata, a skin fungus.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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