Feb 12, 2014
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CASEARIA ESCULENTA

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Roxb.

Synonym ► C. ovata (Lamk) Willd. C. zeylanica (Gaertn.) Thw.

Family ► Samydaceae; Flacourtiaceae

Habitat ► Peninsular India, up to 1,800 m.

Ayurvedic ► Saptachakraa.

Siddha/Tamil ► Kakkaipilai, Kilar, Kottargovai.

Folk ► Saptrangi (root and root bark).

Action ► Root—antidiabetic (used in milder chronic diabetic cases), astringent, liver tonic. Frequently adulterated with the roots of Salacia chinensis Linn. and S. macrosperma Wight.

The crude aqueous extract of the roots has shown hypoglycaemic activity.

The root gave leucopelargonidin, beta-sitosterol, dulcitol, a flavonoid and arabinose.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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