Sw.Family ► Caesalpiniaceae.Habitat ► Cultivated in gardens throughout India.English ► Barbados Pride, Peacock Flower.Ayurvedic ► Padangam, Ratnagandhi, Krishnachuudaa.Siddha/Tamil ► Mayirkonrai, Nalal.Folk ► Guleturaa, Sankeshwara.Action ► Leaves—laxative, antipyretic. Used in Eastern India as a substitute for senna. Dried and powdered leaves are used in erysipelas. Flowers—anthelmintic. Also used for cough and catarrh. Root—a decoction is prescribed in intermittent fevers. Bark— emmenagogue, abortifacient.The plant contains a flavonoid, my- ricitroside. The leaves, flowers and fruits contain tannins, gums, resin, benzoic acid. Presence of cyanidin- 3,5-diglucoside is also reported from the flowers, hydrocyanic acid from the leaves. The root contains caesalpin type diterpenoids along with sitosterol.The leaves have displayed anticancer activity in laboratory animals. A diter- penoid, isolated from the root, also showed anticancer activity.In Pakistan, the leaf and flower extract exhibited activity against Grampositive bacteria.
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants