Feb 12, 2014
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Family ► Caesalpiniaceae.

Habitat ► Southern India, Assam and Bihar.

English ► Yellow Bauhinia, St. Thomas tree, Bell Bauhinia.

Ayurvedic ► Pita Kovidaara (yellow- flowered var.), Pita Kanchana.

Siddha/Tamil ► Kokkumandarai, Tiruvaatti, Kanjani.

Folk ► Kachnaar.

Action ► Antidysenteric. Fruit— diuretic. Bark—astringent. Root bark—vermifuge. A decoction of the root bark is prescribed for liver diseases. Seed—used for wound healing.

Seeds yield a fatty oil called ebony oil, a water soluble mucilage and saponins. Flowers gave isoquercitrin (6%), rutin (4.6%) and quercetin (small amounts).

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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