Feb 12, 2014
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AVICENNIA OFFICINALIS

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Linn.

Synonym ► A. alba Blume

Family ► Verbenaceae; Avicenniaceae.

Habitat ► A tree occurring in salt marshes and tidal creeks.

English ► White mangrove.

Ayurvedic ► Tuvara.

Siddha/Tamil ► Kandal.

Folk ► Tivaria (Gujarat), Upattam (Tamil Nadu).

Action ► Stem/bark—astringent. Pulp of unripe fruit—used for healing skin lesions of smallpox; fruits and immature seeds, used as cicatrizant of abscesses and ulcers.

The bark contains 5% tannin, tri- acontanol and triterpenoids. Kernels contain lapachol, which possesses an- titumour activity. Aerial parts yield beta-sitosterol, friedelin, lupenone, lu- peol, betulinic and ursolic acids.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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