Feb 12, 2014
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Anthocephalus cadamba Miq.

Synonym ► A. indicus A. Rich. A. chinensis (Lam.) A. Rich. ex Walp.

Family ► Rubiaceae.

Habitat ► Assam, Bengal, southwards to Andhra Pradesh and western Ghats.

English ► Kadam.

Ayurvedic ► Kadamba, Priyaka, Vrtta-pushpa, Nipa, Halipriya. Kadambaka is equated with Adina cordifolia.

Siddha/Tamil ► Venkadambu, Vellai Kadambam.

Action ► Stembark—febrifugal, antidiuretic, anthelmintic, hypo- glycaemic. Fruit—cooling; anti- catarrhal, blood purifier, analgesic.

Family ► Moraceae.

Habitat ► Western Ghats from Konkan southwards to Trivandrum, up to 600 m.

English ► Sacking tree, Upas tree.

Ayurvedic ► Valkala vrksha.

Siddha/Tamil ► Aranthelli, Mara-uri, Nettavil.

Folk ► Jangali Lakuch, Jasund, Chaandakudaa.

Action ► Seed—febrifuge, antidysen- teric (in minute doses). Latex— circulatory stimulant (in minute doses.)

The latex contains a series of poisonous cardenolides, of which alpha- and/or beta-antiarin are the main components. The total amount of crystalline cardiac glycosides in the latex ranges from 0.1 to 2.5%; alpha-antiarin from 0.0 to 1.38% and beta-antiarin from 0.075 to 1.44%. Antiarins are said to act on the heart more powerfully than digitalin. Beta-antiarin is more potent than alpha-antiarin.

Latex, in small quantities, is a mild cardiac and circulatory stimulant, whereas in large quantities it acts as a myocardial poison. It stimulates intestinal and uterine contractions.

As many as 34 Kedde-positive substances were reported in the seed sample from Indonesia. The latex sample showed the presence of 29 Kedde- positive substances.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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