Linn.Family ► Primulaceae.Habitat ► Northwestern Himalayas from Kashmir eastwards to Nepal, hills of West Bengal; Central and southern India.English ► Bird’s Eye, Bird’s Tongue, Blue Pimpernel, Scarlet Pimpernel.Unani ► Anaaghaalis.Folk ► Jonkmaari (Maharashtra), Dhabbar (Punjab), Jighanaa, Jenghani.Action ► Plant—anti-inflammatory, astringent, deobstructant, an- tifungal, nematocidal; toxic to leeches.The plant yields anagalligenone B. The presence of quaternary alkaloids, gluco-fructoside and tannin have been reported. The root yields glycosidic saponins, including cyclamin. An acetyl saponin, isolated from the plant, was found to possess marked taenici- dal activity but had no effect on round- worms.A methanolic extract of the aerial parts showed activity against herpes simplex I, adenovirus type II and polio type II. Triterepene saponins have oestrogenic activity.
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants