Feb 12, 2014
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Written by

R. Br.

Family ► Apocynaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout moist regions of India, especially in West Bengal and west-coast forests of southern India.

English ► Devil’s tree, Dita Bark tree.

Ayurvedic ► Saptaparna, Sapta- chhada, Saptaparni, Saptaahvaa, Vishaaltvak, Shaarada, Visham- chhada.

Unani ► Chhaatim, Kaasim (Kaasim Roomi, Anjudaan Roomi is equated with Myrrhis odorata Scope.)

Siddha/Tamil ► Ezhilamippalai, Mukkampalai.

Folk ► Chhitavan, Sataunaa.

Action ► Bark—febrifuge, antiperi- odic, spasmolytic, antidysenteric, uterine stimulant, hypotensive; used for internal fevers.

Along with other therapeutic applications, The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India indicates the use of stembark in phosphaturia and recommends it as a blood purifier.

Alstonia sp. is known as Fever Bark. A. constricta is native to Australia; A. scholaris to Australia and Southeast Asia. The bark of both the species contains indole alkaloids. A. constric- ta contains reserpine (a hyptotensive agent). A. scholaris contains echita- mine, which has also demonstrated hypotensive effects. Though A. schol- aris produces fall in the temperature of human patients with fever, there are conflicting reports about the activity of echitamine against Plasmodium berghei.

Dosage ► Stembark—20-30 g for decoction. (API Vol. I.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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