(Roxb.) BoivinFamily ► Mimosaceae.Habitat ► Throughout southern India in dry forests, up to 900 m, and in some parts of Madhya Pradesh.Ayurvedic ► Shirish (bark—grey or greenish).Siddha/Tamil ► Thuringil.Action ► Leaf and flower—anti- inflammatory, used for boils and ulcers. Leaf—used for erysipelas. Seeds—astringent, antidiarrhoeal, antibacterial.The seed extract showed DNA binding activity, which has been found to be due to pithecolibine alkaloids, bud- munchiamines. Budmunchiamines are antibacterial, and they inhibit platelet aggregation and human lymphocyte transformation. They also show anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic activity.The leaves contain prodelphinidins, myricitrin, hyperin, quercitrin, trans- p-coumaric acid, cis-p-coumaric acid and trans-ferulic acid.The seeds contain echinocystic acid and taxifolin-3-O-beta-D xylopyrano- syl-beta-D-arbinopyranoside.The oil from the seeds is said to cure leprosy and leucoderma.
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants