Feb 12, 2014
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Family ► Simaroubaceae.

Habitat ► Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Orissa and southern India.

English ► Tree of Heaven, Maharukh.

Ayurvedic ► Aralu, Katvanga, Dirghavranta, Puutivrksha, Bhallu- ka. (Mahaanimba is a synonym of Melia azedarach Linn.)

Siddha ► Perru, Perumaruttu, Peruppi.

Action ► Bark—bitter, astringent, febrifuge, anthelminitic, antispas- modic, expectorant (used in asthma, bronchitis). Also used for dysentery as a substitute for Holarrhena antidysenterica.

Bark and leaves—used as tonic in debility, especially after childbirth. Leaves—used as adulterant for Ad- hatoda zeylanica leaves.

Along with other therapeutic applications, The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India indicates the use of stembark in high fevers and giddiness.

The bark contains several quassi- noids including ailanthone derivatives. They exhibit antitumour activity against P-388 lymphocytic leukaemia and are cytotoxic against KB test system.

Dosage ► Stembark—1-3 g (API Vol. III.) Decoction—50-100 ml. (CCRAS.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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