Feb 12, 2014
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ACTAEA SPICATA

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Linn.

Synonym ► A. acuminata Wall. ex Royle

Family ► Ranunculaceae.

Habitat ► Native to Europe; grows in temperate Himalayas from Hazara to Bhutan.

English ► Baneberry Grapewort.

Folk ► Visha-phale (Kannada).

Action ► Root—antirheumatic, anti-inflammatory, nerve sedative, emetic, purgative; used in the treatment of rheumatic fever, lumbago, scrofula, nervous disorders, chorea.

The plant is reported to contain trans-aconitic acid, which shows a strong cytostatic action. Its Me ether is active against Ehrlich’s ascites tumours.

In folk medicine, roots are used in cases of ovarian neuralgia, uterine tenderness and sub-involution. They are adulterant of the roots of Helleborus niger. Berries are poisonous; used topically for skin diseases. The toxic constituent is protoanemonin (lactone). It is irritant to mucous membrane.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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