Feb 12, 2014
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ACONITUM HETEROPHYLLUM

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Wall. ex Royle.

Family ► Ranunculaceae.

Family ► Ranunculaceae.

Habitat ► The alpine Himalayas from Sikkim to Garhwal and Assam.

English ► Indian Aconite, Wolfsbane, Monkshood.

Ayurvedic ► Vatsanaabha, Visha, Amrita, Vajraanga, Sthaavaravisha, Vatsanaagaka, Shrangikavisha, Garala.

Unani ► Bish, Bishnaag.

Siddha/Tamil ► Vasanaavi, Karunaab- hi.

Folk ► Bacchanaag, Bish, Mithaa Zahar, Telia Visha.

Action ► Narcotic, sedative, antilepro- tic, anti-inflammatory. Extremely poisonous. (Roots possess depressant activity, but after mitigation in cow’s milk for 2-3 days, they exhibit stimulant activity.)

Key application ► In neuralgia. (Aconitum napellus L. has been listed by German Commission E among unapproved herbs.)

The root contains diterpenoid alkaloids, which act as a powerful poison that affects the heart and central nervous system. Aconitine has a shortlived cardiotonic action followed by

Habitat ► Cultivated at Manali and Rahla in Himachal Pradesh. Also found in northwestern Himalayas at altitudes ranging from 2,000 to 4,000 m.

English ► Atis Root, Aconite.

Ayurvedic ► Ativishaa, Arunaa, Vishaa, Shuklakandaa, Bhanguraa, Ghunapriyaa, Ghunavallabhaa, Kaashmiraa, Shishubhaishajyaa (indicating its use in paediatrics), Vishwaa.

Unani ► Atees.

Siddha/Tamil ► Athividayam.

Folk ► Patis.

Action ► Often regarded as non- poisosnous, antiperiodic, anti- inflammatory, astringent (used in cough, diarrhoea, dyspepsia), tonic (used after fevers), febrifuge, antispasmodic (used in irritability of stomach and abdominal pains).

Along with other therapeutic applications, The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India indicates the use of the dried, tuberous root in emesis and helminthi- asis.

The roots yield 0.79% of total alkaloids, of which atisin is 0.4%. Atisine is much less toxic than aconitine and pseudoaconitine. (The inert character of the plant is well known to the hill people, who often use it as a vegetable.) The plant possesses potent immuno- stimulant properties.

Dosage ► Root—0.6-2.08 g. (API Vol. I.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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